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On 20 December 2013, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published an updated Q&A document (ESMA/2013/1959) and accompanying press release on EMIR implementation.

The Q&A were originally published on 20 March 2013 and most recently updated on 11 November 2013.  The main purpose of the most recent amendments is to provide clarity on how exchange-traded derivatives (ETD) are to be reported to trade repositories.  In summary, the following changes have been made since the version published on 22 October 2013:

  • OTC Questions
    • Calculation of the clearing threshold
      • Confirming that NFCs are allowed to take into account the netting effect of offsetting contracts when determining whether they exceed the clearing threshold
  • Risk Mitigation techniques for OTC derivative contracts not cleared by a CCP
    • Confirming that FCs and NFCs can delegate the risk-management procedures and arrangements associated with non-cleared OTC derivatives (required by Article 11(1) of EMIR) to an asset manager who is providing portfolio management service to the counterparty on an agency basis
  • Portfolio Reconciliation
    • Confirming that, on each reconciliation date, counterparties should re-assess whether they are performing the portfolio reconciliation with the frequency required by EMIR
  • Frontloading requirement for the clearing obligation
    • Clarifying circumstances in which the frontloading requirement will not be applicable
    • CCP Questions
      • Segregation and Portability
        • Clarifying the circumstances in which excess margin transferred to a clearing member by a client does not have to be posted to a CCP
  • Transparency
    • Clarifying the nature of information that must be publicly disclosed by a CCP and the meaning of ‘public disclosure’
    • TR Questions
      • Reporting of outstanding positions following the entry into force of EMIR (Backloading), confirming that:
        • backloaded ETD contracts can be reported at position level
        • information on valuation and collateral need only be reported from the date upon which the reporting obligations came into effect, rather than from the commencement of the transaction, and
        • backloaded contracts which are still outstanding on the date of reporting will require a Trade ID
  • Reporting to TRs: Table of fields
    • Clarifying that ‘Trade IDs’ are an EMIR concept whereas ‘Transaction Reference Numbers’ are a MiFID concept
  • Collateral portfolio code
    • Confirming that it is for the reporting counterparty to determine what unique value to put in the ‘Collateral portfolio code’ field
  • Position level reporting
    • Detailing the conditions that must be satisfied before position level reporting can be used as a supplement to trade level reporting
    • ETD Reporting Questions
      • Scope of reporting
      • Which parties have to report
        • Confirming that it is the counterparties to a trade where the risk lies once the contract has been concluded that must report under EMIR – this can include the relevant CCP, clearing members, the firm executing the trade on the exchange and the actual counterparties to the derivative
  • How should give-ups be reported
    • Confirming that where a give up occurs from an investment firm to a clearing member within the T+1 reporting deadline and there has not been any change of the economic terms of the original trade the trade should be reported in its post give up state
  • Do partial executions have to be reported separately
    • Confirming that this is indeed the case
  • Trade ID and Transaction Reference Number
    • Confirming that unique identifiers should be assigned centrally, ideally by the trading venue, or failing this, by the relevant CCP
  • How should time stamps be populated – confirming that:
    • Execution timestamps should correspond to the time of execution on the trading venue, and
    • Clearing timestamps should be reported as the time at which the CCP has legally taken on clearing of the trade
  • Who should report the value of collateral
    • Confirming that the value of collateral should be reported as the total value of the collateral posted by the counterparty responsible for the report


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